Cricket was invented in the vast fields of England, supposedly by shepherds who herded their flock. Later on this game was shown benevolence by aristocrats, and now has the stature of being England's national game. After a century now, cricket stands in the international arena, with a place of its own.
Cricket involves two teams with 11 players on each side. The captain who wins the toss decides whether his team bats or bowls first. If they bat first, their aim is to score a lot of runs and make sure the other team does not reach that score.
Cricket is played in many formats, but the most popular are TEST CRICKET and ONE DAY cricket. In TEST cricket game goes on for 5 days, with each team batting twice - if time permits.
ONE DAY is the most popular format, with each team getting 300 balls to score runs. And the other team tries to outscore them within the same number of balls.
Three functions of the players are 1. BATSMEN, 2. BOWLING 3. FIELDING.
one who scores runs of the balls bowled by the bowler.
Bowler: One who bowls, and tries to get the batsmen "out" (dismissed from the ground).
Fielder: Players (10) who assist the bowler in achieving his goal and prevent the batsmen from scoring runs.
The rope around the edge of the pitch.
When a batsman stops the ball from hitting his stumps using his pads and is given out.
When a fast bowler bowls a ball to a batsman that reaches him without bouncing.
When a bowler shouts towards the umpire because he thinks he has got a batsman out.
The two small items which sit on top of the stumps and need to be removed for a batsman to be bowled out.
A very easy catch taken by a fielder.
EDGE (SNICK OR NICK):
When a batsman only just touches the ball with the side of his bat and is caught by the wicket keeper or the slips.
The bowler who comes on to replace either of the players who bowled the first and second over of the innings.
When a batsman is out first ball.
A worn section of the pitch just in front and to the side of the stumps.
The stitching around the middle of a cricket ball.
If this word is in front of a fielding position it means it is very close to the batsman.
When a fast bowler surprises the batsman by deliberately bowling a much slower ball.
When a bowler delivers an entire over without the batsman managing to score a run.
A delivery that is intended to pitch directly underneath a batsman’s bat or on his toes.